Lindfield Learning Village

Profiles of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: A person-centered approach to motivation and achievement in middle school

The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivations is one of long-standing interest in education. Intrinsic motivation refers to engaging in a task for its own inherent rewards whereas extrinsic motivation refers to engaging in a task in order to attain some separable outcome—such as approval from authority figures or special privileges in the classroom. Researchers have often operationalized these two constructs as mutually exclusive, such that an individual high in intrinsic motivation would necessarily be low in extrinsic motivation. However, recent studies suggest that these two types of motivation can, in fact, coexist and perhaps even work together to motivate task engagement (see Harter 1981; Gillet et al. 2009; Lepper et al. 2005; Ryan et al. 1995). An essential direction for research, then, is to identify naturally-occurring combinations of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and their academic consequences. For instance, is it optimal for students to have high levels of both types of motivation, or are they better served by a pattern of high intrinsic motivation coupled with low extrinsic motivation? Understanding how different types of motivation may operate in tandem is a critical issue not only for motivational theorists but also practitioners, who must respond to the complexities of individual students.

The right drivers for whole system success by Michael Fullan

This paper is intended to provide a comprehensive solution to what ails the current public school system and its place in societal development – a system that is failing badly in the face of ever complex fundamental challenges to our survival, let alone our thriving as a species. What follows is a ‘big’ proposal. Once started the ‘four drivers’ feed on each other as a system in motion. Most important, the timing is right.

Autonomy, Competence, and Intrinsic Motivation in Science Education: A SelfDetermination Theory Perspective

The purpose of this study was to examine a proposed motivational model of science achievement based on self-determination theory. The study relied on U.S. eighth-grade science data from the 2007 Third International Mathematics and Science Study to examine a structural model that hypothesized how perceived autonomy support, perceived competence in science, intrinsic motivation, and science achievement related to each other. Mother’s education and student gender were used as controls. Findings showed that the hypothesized model provided a good fit to the data. The strongest direct effect on science achievement was students’ perceived competence in science. Student intrinsic motivation was shown to have a surprisingly negative effect on science achievement.

ATAR’s days numbered, says new report

Earlier this year, a study from the Mitchell Institute found that just 26% of Australian students enter an undergraduate degree based on their ATAR, casting doubts as to the relevance of the system. Now a new report into school leavers’ transition into work or further study has recommended that the ATAR “cannot continue to dominate the education experience”, as the Australian education system adjusts to the longer-term effects of the COVID-19 crisis. One concern has been the impact that the high-stakes assessment is having on students’ mental health at a time when stress and anxiety are markedly high. Currently, one in four Australian students experience a significant mental health issue, and a recent Guardian Essential poll found that 53% of people surveyed are now very concerned about the threat of COVID-19 – a 14-point increase in only a week.  

Educated by Tara Westover

Tara Westover was 17 the first time she set foot in a classroom. Born to survivalists in the mountains of Idaho, she prepared for the end of the world by stockpiling home-canned peaches and sleeping with her “head-for-the-hills bag”. In the summer she stewed herbs for her mother, a midwife and healer, and in the winter she salvaged in her father’s junkyard. Educated is an account of the struggle for self-invention. It is a tale of fierce family loyalty and of the grief that comes with severing the closest of ties. With the acute insight that distinguishes all great writers, Westover has crafted a universal coming-of-age story that gets to the heart of what an education is and what it offers: the perspective to see one’s life through new eyes and the will to change it.

Untamed by Glennon Doyle

Untamed is a personal story of self discovery and listening to the deep “knowing” of oneself. It makes you reflect on what you think you should be doing and what you truly want to do with your life to live unapologetically authentic. Turning the pages can be frightening at times as it makes you listen so deeply to your inner self that you become almost fearful of what you might discover. This book inspires women to break free from being tamed by conformity and to become the strong, resilient, and courageous animals that we truly are. Read this book if you want to discover things about yourself and learn the “knowing” that will lead you to self-love and liberation.

Mindset by Carol Dweck

Struggling to understand your motivational world? You can start with a simple binary framework of Mindset. Fixed or Growth. Read alongside Drive by Dan Pink and take a step towards understanding the many challenges that get in the way of realising potential. As educators we have a responsibility to challenge mindsets, but also not be part of the rhetoric that created them in the first place.

Phosphorescence by Julia Baird

This book offers an enchanting and inspiring insight into places where we can find contentment and joy. Gaining an awareness of those moments that inspire awe as well as ways of surviving and thriving when things go pear-shaped, is at the heart of Julia Baird’s journey into self-awareness. Beautifully written and truly engaging, this book takes you by the hand and gently taps into the core truths of the science of happiness. When we seek out, nurture and carry our inner living light, we can turn up, lean in and live our best life. A truly uplifting read!